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Why Diesel engines play an important role, now and in future. Plus: Why they need special care year-round

A super-efficient ‘workhorse’ and an ideal fleet-car with ever-decreasing emissions: These are just some of the advantages of diesel engines. World-leading ignition specialist NGK SPARK PLUG explains why diesel engines remain a valuable powertrain for the future and provides tips on how to keep them running smoothly.

Modern diesel cars remain justifiably popular around the world. They run quietly, are economical and perform well on emissions. Their power and fuel efficiency also make them an ideal choice for commercial vehicle fleets. Diesel engines therefore remain a significant Aftermarket opportunity, and an area of technological investment for the world’s number one glow plug provider.
 

Advantages of diesel driving
 

Diesel vehicles offer a range of advantages to drivers and fleet owners. In terms of long-distance fuel economy for example, no combustion engine comes close. On average, diesel vehicles deliver between 20 to 30% better fuel economy than their petrol equivalents. This means that though they are initially more expensive to buy, going diesel saves money in the long run.

In addition, diesels have more ‘pulling power’ than petrol engines. Kai Wilschrei, Senior Manager Technical Services Aftermarket EMEA at NGK SPARK PLUG EUROPE explains: “Diesel engines produce higher levels of torque at lower revolutions per minute (RPM), compared to a petrol engine. The more torque – or rotating force – an engine’s crankshaft produces, the greater its working efficiency.
Torque and fuel economy also benefit larger diesels such as lorries, buses and off-road vehicles, which need higher levels of pulling power. “Diesel-powered heavy vehicles can out-tow petrol ones,” he continues. “It’s an engine type that certainly earns its ‘workhorse’ reputation.”

The year-round role of glow plugs

  • Intermediate glow: Glow plugs help to keep the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve clean. When the exhaust gas temperature drops, e.g. when driving downhill, the glow plugs help reduce carbon build-up. By producing an ‘intermediate glow’, the glow plugs prevent the exhaust gas temperature from falling below the critical level.
  • Regeneration glow: Glow plugs are key to keeping the diesel particulate filter (DPF) clean. To prevent soot build-up, glow plugs produce a so-called ‘regeneration glow’, reaching a temperature of well-over 1000°C to burn off trapped carbon.
  • Post-glow: Today’s glow plugs even contribute to cleaner exhaust gas temperature emissions. By generating a ‘post-glow’ for several minutes after ignition, diesel is completely combusted during the warm-up phase.
 


Lower CO2 Emissions

In respect of carbon dioxide emissions too, diesel is a far better option than petrol – typically producing 20% less CO2. “If the goal is reducing CO2, diesels still play a major role in reaching these targets,” advises Wilschrei. The engines’ NOx emissions are also lower than ever. “Many diesel vehicles built in recent years are equipped with Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) technology,” he says. “This injects tiny quantities of AdBlue – a liquid solution of urea – into the diesel exhaust gases, transforming 85% of the NOx present into harmless water vapour and nitrogen.”
Indeed, independent studies carried out by German automobile association the ADAC on the latest 6c and 6d TEMP diesel models from car manufacturers like Mercedes-Benz, Opel and BMW revealed that most of the tested cars had NOx emissions which were significantly below the 168 mg/km currently permitted by Euro 6d-TEMP rules. Some of the cars tested emitted less NOx than their petrol equivalents. According to the ADAC, the Mercedes C-Class C220d was even found to emanate a barely measurable amount of less than 1 mg NOx during road tests.

The basic role of glow plugs

Unlike petrol engines which need a spark plug to ignite, diesel engines self-ignite. Air is drawn into the engine cylinders and greatly compressed, rapidly reaching temperatures of up to 900°C. When fuel is injected, it spontaneously ignites. In cold conditions, however, heat escapes to the cylinder walls, preventing ignition. The additional heat required is provided by glow plugs.

“They act just like an immersion heater,” confirms the expert. “The so-called ‘pre-glow’ generates the temperature boost that all diesel engines need in order to get going in cold weather.”

Aftermarket opportunities

The company’s OE quality product line is designed to deliver exceptional sales opportunities for the Aftermarket. “We offer every key glow plug technology and cover 4,000 applications – equivalent to 86% of vehicles in Europe. That means there is almost always an NGK glow plug specifically engineered to optimise each customer’s car” says Thorsten Schmeing, Product Manager Aftermarket EMEA.
“We at NGK SPARK PLUG believe in the continued potential of diesel and the expanding role glow plugs play in reducing emissions. We are committed to investing in R&D to enhance our product portfolio even further. Glow plugs are and will be an important sales opportunity for the Aftermarket, now and in the future”, concludes the expert.

Top three glow plug maintenance tips for all year reliable function

  • Look for defects: Regularly check the glow plugs for proper function. Using a scan tool to read trouble codes can help, but be aware that older systems are not monitored. Therefore, it is recommended to measure the glow plug function.
  • Tong test: Use a tong-test ammeter to check the current flow. Check each glow plug individually. With newer systems it is mandatory to activate the glow plug system with a scan tool. Only switching on the ignition will not always activate the glow plugs.
  • Careful removal and installation: To ensure smooth removal, penetrate the glow plugs with oil and let it work for a few days. This avoids shearing off the glow plugs. With the engine at operating temperature, firstly loosen the old plug carefully and remove any soiling with compressed air; then unscrew it. Use a torque wrench that can measure the loosening torque, and make sure the maximum torque is not exceeded to avoid shearing. Remove any carbon deposits in the glow plug bore with a reamer. To install the new glow plug, screw in by hand, then set a torque wrench to the correct tightening torque specified on the box of the NGK glow plugs. Place the nut of the wrench straight onto the glow plug nut and tighten it.

 

Find more advice at www.tekniwiki.com

 

 

About NGK SPARK PLUG:

Worldwide: NGK SPARK PLUG is one of the leading automotive and technical ceramics suppliers, with its corporate headquarters in Nagoya, Japan and sales organisations and production facilities all over the world. The automotive side of the company specialises in the fields of ignition and sensor technology, supplying Original Equipment and Aftermarket customers across the globe. Its product portfolio for the Aftermarket comprises spark plugs, glow plugs, ignition coils and leads under the NGK Ignition Parts brand, whilst oxygen and temperature sensors, NOx sensors, mass air flow (MAF) and manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensors operate under the brand NTK Vehicle Electronics. With more than 14,500 employees, the company’s automotive and technical ceramics activities generate a total annual turnover of around 3.1 billion Euros worldwide. NGK SPARK PLUG’s European sales (including its EU, UK, France and Eurasia subsidiaries) account for 26% of this global turnover. NGK SPARK PLUG is represented on all continents and has 41 group companies, 24 production plants and five technical centres.

Aftermarket EMEA: NGK SPARK PLUG has seen significant growth across the Aftermarket since expanding beyond motorcycle parts into the automotive sector in the 1970s. With an outstanding commitment to quality, technology and research & development the company has become the world’s number one in spark plugs and oxygen sensors, and a leading provider of glow plugs, ignition coils and leads as well as further sensor technology. Organisationally NGK SPARK PLUG’s regional headquarters in Ratingen, Germany serves the Aftermarket across Europe, the Middle East and Africa. In the EMEA region the company has ten group companies and approximately 1,000 employees, as well as two production plants in France and South Africa and a technical centre in Germany.

For more information please visit: https://www.ngkntk.com/

For further information please contact:

Nicole Rößler, Senior Manager MarCom, Aftermarket EMEA, NGK SPARK PLUG EUROPE GmbH
Harkortstr. 41, 40880 Ratingen, Germany, AG Duesseldorf HRB 43118
Tel: +49 (0)21 02 974 102 E-mail: n_roes3naisl7ter@noogkn+sytk.de

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